Textile industry: some challenges and solutions
TEHRAN – The textile industry in Iran has a long history and is one of the most important sectors for employment.
This industry has a high employment potential and the amount of foreign exchange investment to create employment in the textile industry is very low compared to some industries such as automotive.
But this sector has encountered problems in recent years and it is very important to eliminate them.
In a recent interview conducted by the IRIB, a board member of the Iranian Textile Industries Association announced the closure of 7,000 production units in the country’s textile industry.
Abbas Sarsharzadeh said: “The main reason for the textile industry’s deviation from the set objectives must be sought in the lack of planning of this industry by the governments of different periods and in incorrect policies, which led to inappropriate investments, disproportionate industrial capacities created along the industrial chain, wear and tear of machinery and an inappropriate tariff system.
According to him, these policies have reduced the textile industry’s share of GDP from 12% almost ten years ago to around 8.5% in the current situation.
The textiles industry’s $1 billion exports show that despite the investments made in recent years, this industry is far from the target set in the outlook document and the achievement of exports of $3 billion. given the current situation in the industry and the drop in production is out of reach, Sarsharzadeh further lamented.
Meanwhile, at the 17th symposium of the members of the Joint Secretariat of Textile and Garment Trade Unions and Associations of the country, held in Karaj on Tuesday, the President of the Association of Textile Industries, the clothing and leather industry in Alborz province, while emphasizing the country’s capacity in the field of textiles, said: “Many educated people in the textile industry are unemployed.”
With the establishment of the textile engineering organization, a platform is provided for the close connection between textile engineering students and this industry, commented Yadollah Malmir.
Emphasizing that the textile industry is one of the most diverse industries in the country, he further said that the problem of clothing smuggling has seriously threatened this dynamic industry in the country, and that necessary measures must be taken to this end. regard.
Emphasizing the need to deal decisively with professional smugglers, Malmir noted that tightening controls should prevent the massive importation of garments into the country as goods in baggage (MIB) so that domestic producers are not implicated.
Another solution to help the textile industry to improve is the creation of textile industrial zones.
Alireza Haeri, board member of the Society of Textile Specialists, regarding the discussion on the creation of textile industrial zones and the help they provide to the textile industry, said: “The creation of textile industrial zones , the policy the previous government was supposed to pursue, that if it happens or is continued today, it will help supply the clothing chain and reduce its costs.
He said proper services, suitable and available raw materials, export and import warehouses and repair services are among the facilities that these estates will provide to producers, adding, “When these estates are set up , we will see the improvement of the quality and the lower final price of the products manufactured in the units established there”.
Textile is one of the industries which, due to a high employment rate and on the other hand with minimal investment, can become one of the main industries with high added value in the country; provided that we can produce high quality products and eliminate the problems.
This sector can have a significant share in the growth of the national industry and even the country’s exports, so responsible organizations must hurry to remove barriers in this important industry.